operating expenses definition and meaning


operating expenses definition

For example, the purchase of a photocopier involves capex, and the annual paper, toner, power and maintenance costs represents opex. For larger systems like businesses, opex may also include the cost of workers and facility expenses such as rent and utilities. No, operating expenses and cost of goods sold are shown separately on a company’s income statement. This is because cost of goods sold are directly related to the production of a product, as opposed to daily operations. Operating expenses are a category of expenses used in accounting for businesses. The two main categories are operating expenses and cost of goods sold , or non-operating expenses. Operating expenses are those expenses a business incurs so that it can operate but that are not directly used to produce goods that are sold.

  • It is noteworthy that the same category of an operating expense can be either a fixed cost or a variable cost, depending on the situation.
  • But other items, such as selling expenses, for example, can be considered semi-variable costs because their costs are dependent on the volume of sales.
  • For example, Apple places “Research & Development” and “Selling, General & Administrative” expenses into separate buckets.
  • Labor CostCost of labor is the remuneration paid in the form of wages and salaries to the employees.
  • Without these parts of the business, the business will not be very successful.
  • Given the assumptions above, the Year 0 gross profit is equal to $65 million, and the operating income is $35 million.

Operating Expenses shall be determined in a manner consistent with GAAP except as otherwise set forth herein. It is expressly understood that for purposes of calculating Operating Expenses, Operating Expenses shall be deemed to include a $50 per annum capital expenditure allowance per pad site located at the Properties. An income statement is a financial report used to show the financial health of a business. It is often used by investors to determine if a specific business is a good investment.

What Does Operating Expenses Mean?

Simply review your general ledger or expense report and identify any recurring costs that aren’t the direct labor and raw materials that go into producing a product. Administrative expenses such as full time staff salaries https://www.bookstime.com/ or hourly wages are considered operating expenses for a business. The specific costs for hiring labor to produce a product is calculated separately, under cost of goods sold, and are not operating expenses.

Understanding the distinction can help managers to better control the operating expenses while considering the timeframe. In business, an operating expense is a day-to-day expense such as sales and administration, or research & development, as opposed to production, costs, and pricing. In short, this is the money the business operating expenses definition spends in order to turn inventory into throughput. On the other hand, operating expenses can be deducted from the company’s taxes the same year they were incurred. Let’s explore the key differences between operating expenses and capital expenses so you can learn how they play a role in your business planning.


Whether that result is good or bad depends on the norm for her industry. In the final step, the operating income can be arrived at by deducting the projected SG&A and R&D from gross profit. Given the assumptions above, the Year 0 gross profit is equal to $65 million, and the operating income is $35 million. Operating expenses are paid for using gross profits, which are the earnings once COGS have been subtracted. The disadvantage of looking at a company’s opex is that it is an absolute number, not a ratio. Therefore it is unreasonable to be used as a metric to compare between firms even if they are in the same industry. However, they can be highly instrumental in the horizontal analysis since it can reflect the company’s current performance in the past.

operating expenses definition


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